Initially, a Calvarieberg (Cavalry mountain) was placed against the side wall, after the construction of the monastery Emmaüs. You can still observe the cement attachments.
The location against the main building’s front didn’t appear to be the right location. In 1929/1930 the Cavalry mountain was moved to its present spot. The Calvarieberg was broken off and built up again patiently, brick by brick.
Try to climb the Cavalry mountain , at the outdoor playground, via one of the stairs. The pedestals, the largest for the crucifix and two for the sculptures of John the Baptist and Mary Magdalena, can be observed well. While you stand on the largest pedestal and you think of the general drawing, you will notice a synchronous connection with the monastery building and the linden avenues.
The Cavalry mountain was named after the mountain Golgotha in Jerusalem. Golgotha is a hill outside the walls of Jerusalem on which Jesus was crucified, so they say. The hill was possibly named this way because of its shape, or it was simply an indication for ‘a place which rises’. This spot must have been located outside the city walls, because the Jews weren’t allowed to execute executions within the walls of Jerusalem. A Calvary often is part of some Catholic cemeteries.
The former monastery garden at Emmaüs was only used as pleasure resort; a cemetery or something like that was never constructed here. You can observe rubber bricks in the Calvary (don’t stumble over them…). In former days, a diesel generator had been mounted on it. It arranged the power supply for the monastery building, the various houses and for the camping site (until 1977).